To teach the residents mindfulness in diagnostics and therapeutics, I used to tell them to mind their P's and C's:
- Problem: What is the major malfunction that we are dealing with?
- Proof: Do we have proof of the problem or diagnosis? Is there uncertainty, or are there other possibilities?
- Cause: How did this problem come to be? Why is this happening? Is there a deeper cause? An even deeper one?
- Cure: What interventions should be employed to treat the problem(s) identified?